Industrial gas is any material of gaseous form that has been manufactured specifically for use in industries. The gases produced by various manufacturers, like Coregas, are of multiple elements and constituents, all depending on the specific requirement of the industry. The most common gases produced are (but not limited to) acetylene, hydrogen, oxygen, argon, carbon dioxide, helium, etc.
Continue reading to get to know more about these industrial gases and better understand their uses and risks, if any, associated with them.
Acetylene, which is most commonly referred to as ethyne, is a form of hydrocarbon. It is called a hydrocarbon due to its chemical formula – C2H2 and is the most basic alkyne form. Acetylene is a colourless and non-toxic gas with very low ignition energy. This property makes it one among the most efficient industrial gases. Acetylene can be easily ignited in the presence of oxygen/air because it has low ignition energy. This property makes it suitable for welding, oxy-acetylene cutting, flame heating, and so much more! It can weld materials at very high temperatures, unlike any other industrial gas. Acetylene can be used without harm underground, and any leakage can be detected using a portable gas leak detector. Hence it can be concluded that it is safe to use.
Hydrogen is the most common element found on earth. It is lighter than air and is very flammable. As hydrogen readily reacts with oxygen, it is used in metal welding. Hydrogen molecules are tiny and lightweight, making them ideal for leak detection and lifting weather balloons. Commercially produced hydrogen can be produced as compressed gas or as a cryogenic liquid to meet specific industrial needs. Hydrogen is eco-friendly and renewable, ensuring high demand throughout industries. In conclusion, it is quite efficient to use.
Oxygen is a highly reactive non-metal element. It comes of the variations – oxygen 2.5 and oxygen 3.5. The diversity is because of the different uses it offers. Oxygen 2.5 combusts quickly to increase the flame temperature. It readily reacts with a fuel gas to aid the welding and soldering of metals.
Furthermore, it is also used in shielding gas to improve fluidity. Meanwhile, oxygen 3.5 can be used to increase welding speeds and when the material is thicker. It is primarily used in the laser cutting of steel. Therefore, oxygen 2.5 and oxygen 3.5 are very safe to use.
Argon is an inert element at most temperatures and pressures. It is used in welding metals and plasma cutting because it can protect the weld area. Industrial grade argon can be produced as a compressed gas or as a cryogenic liquid, suiting the industry’s needs. Argon is necessary to maintain an inert atmosphere during the production of reactive metals, such as titanium. Most importantly, argon is used in bulbs to prevent oxygen from corroding its’ filament.
Carbon dioxide is a gas which is odourless and colourless and it is found in the earth’s atmosphere as a trace gas. Commercially produced carbon dioxide is available as a compressed gas and as a cryogenic liquid, depending on industrial needs. Carbon dioxide is widely used in plasma cutting, pH balancing, and welding. Excess exposure to carbon dioxide causes headaches and dizziness. With proper protection, this can be prevented.
Helium is a colourless, odourless and inert gas. Industrial grade helium can be produced as either compressed gas or cryogenic liquid. Helium is used as a resonator gas in laser cutting and as a shielding gas. Reviewing helium’s nature, it is clear it can be used harmlessly.
In conclusion, industrial gases are produced specifically to meet industrial needs to enhance efficiency and ease of production. Companies like Coregas specialise in manufacturing gases to meet these demands. Not to forget, certain industrial gases like hydrogen are very eco-friendly and uplift the environment.